Nanchang University was established in 1940 in the name of its original predecessor ─ National zhong-zheng University (国立中正大学）named after Chiang Kai-shek,the former president of Republic of China.
At Sept. 1949,late period of Chinese Civil War，the National zhong-zheng University (国立中正大学）changed the name and then known as National Nanchang University. After changing the name, the university is no longer under Republic of China, but under District of South of China of people's Republic of China.
During 1953, the central government of people's Republic of China reformed the universities systems in the China-mainland. The National Nanchang University was disintegrated into pieces by the order from the central government. Most departments of the National Nanchang University become parts of Wuhan University，Sun Yat-sen University and Huazhong Institute of Technology which is now known as Huazhong University of Science and Technology. And the nomal school became Jiangxi Normal University. And the agricultural school became Jiangxi Agricultural University. And the Biology department became one department of Jiangxi University which would be a part of current Nanchang University.
Mergence in 1993
Actually，the current Nanchang University derived from Jiangxi University and Jiangxi Industrial University . In 1993, the top two universities in Jiangxi province merged, and today, known as Nanchang University.
Mergence in 2005
In 2005, Jiangxi medical school merged into Nanchang University .
Nanchang University was established in 1940 in the name of its original predecessor ─ Zhongzheng University. In the following years, the name was changed several times and its present name Nanchang University was adopted in 1993 when the top two universities of Jiangxi Province Jiangxi University and Jiangxi Industrial University merged to make up the backbone of Nanchang University.
NCU entered a new era of development when it merged with Jiangxi Medical College in August 2005 making it a comprehensive university, offering undergraduate and graduate courses encompassing virtually all academic disciplines.
NCU has a graduate school and 21 schools including Liberal Arts, Foreign Language Studies, Art and Design, Law, Economics and Management, the Sciences, Life Science, Material Science and Engineering, Environmental Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Architectural Engineering, Computer Engineering, Education, Medicine, and Software. These schools offer 82 undergraduate majors out of 11 academic disciplines including the liberal art, history, philosophy, economics, management, law, science, engineering, agriculture, education,fundamental medicine, public health，pharmacy,nursing and 4 clinical schools.These undergraduate programs have a total enrollment of 36,000 full time students.
Although all of the schools offer their own graduate programs, these programs belong to a single graduate school administratively. The NCU Graduate School offers a total of 21 Ph.D. programs and 175 master degree programs with a graduate student body of about 6800. In addition, NCU has two post-doctoral programs.
NCU emphasizes the importance of research. In addition to research labs and centers owned by individual schools, NCU owns and operates 26 national and provincial key laboratories and research centers and 56 basic training centers and professional labs.
NCU has a large-scale medical school. Not only does the medical school have a strong research orientation, it also has ten attached hospitals located throughout the province. These hospitals adequately accommodate the needs for teaching and internships for students of medicine.
NCU is composed of three campuses. Its main campus is located in Nanchang city, the capital city of Jiangxi Province. Its huge campus occupies an area of 300 hectares which is home to all of our undergraduate students, most graduate students, most research institutes and labs, and most of our faculty and staff.
NCU has a dedicated and highly professional teaching staff of 2337, 52% of whom are professors and associate professors. Five of them are members of the distinguished Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. A number of them have received awards for their excellence in teaching and research from various government agencies ranging from the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Public Health and the Jiangxi Provincial Government.
NCU has a comprehensive library network. Its library has a collection of 2.65 million books and 1338 kinds of periodicals including foreign language journals and magazines. Out of our collection, there is a collection of 61,400 rare books and 93,000 books in foreign languages. Our library also has over a million e-books and 34 subscribed databases and on-line libraries including EI, INSPEC, ISTP, SCI, AIP/APS, ELSEVIER, and PQDD, among others. With the abundance of e-books, subscribed online libraries, multi-media CDs and interactive videos and teaching materials, NCU students and teachers have a wide variety of resources to suit their individual needs for study and research.
To enhance the hands-on experience of our students, NCU has 9 large-scale multi-purpose labs for practical training. Their areas include electronics, physics, biology, computing, networking, chemistry, engineering, mechanics, and linguistics. NCU also has 47 professional research labs and 216 internship bases. To further facilitate research, NCU invested in a science and technology park which is now an incubator of 108 enterprises and research institutions on the premises. In 2004, this park was recognized as one of the “National Science and Technology Park by Universities”. NCU has also found a partner in the nation's second largest communication equipment maker ZTE. In 2005, ZTE Software Ltd was established which is a joint-venture between NCU and ZTE. This year, NCU and Xinta Technologies Group of Singapore started a Food and Drug Technology Park dedicated to research and development.
NCU places great emphasis on international exchange and cooperation. It has established steady exchange programs with more than 30 universities and institutions from over 20 countries worldwide. The Confucius Institute in France, for instance, is a cooperative venture between Nanchang University and University of Kuwaiti of France. It was the first Confucius Institute in Europe. Nanchang University has a long working relationship with Abertay Dundee University of the U.K. in jointly educating master degree students. Every year, a group of Nanchang University graduates will go to Abertay Dundee for their master degrees in computer science. There are similar programs with universities from Germany, the U.S., New Zealand, Australia, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and other countries and regions.
In recognition of NCU's excellence in both education and research, the Chinese Ministry of Education officially admitted Nanchang University into the national “211 Project” in 1997, signifying the inclusion of NCU into the elite 100 key universities in China. In 2004, the Chinese Ministry of Education signed an agreement with Jiangxi Provincial government affiliating Nanchang University with both the Ministry of Education and Jiangxi Provincial government.