Xihu District , literally meaning "west lake district", is a district of Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi Province, China. The district was created in the Tang Dynasty when a bridge was built across Nanchang's Taihu lake, dividing the area into the East and West Lake districts. It covers over 39 square kilometers and as of 2004 had a population of 460,000.
It is divided into 10 areas:
*Nanzhan "South Station"
Wanli District , is a district of Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi Province, China. It covers over 254 square kilometers in the northwestern part of Nanchang, within the West Mountains. More than 70% is forest-covered and the majority of the economy is natural resource based, with forestry and Chinese medicinal herbs being the focus. As of 2004, it had a population of 80,000. It is 18 kilometers to the city center.
It is divided into 2 sub-districts, 3 towns, and 1 township.
The Star of Nanchang, formerly the world's tallest operating Ferris wheel, stands at 160 meters high and is located in the eastern Chinese city of Nanchang, the provincial capital of . It opened for business in May 2006, and cost 57 million to build. Tickets for the Star of Nanchang cost 50 Yuan .
The Star of Nanchang has 61 enclosed climate-controlled gondolas, each carrying up to 8 passengers, for a maximum capacity of 480 passengers. A single rotation of the Ferris wheel takes approximately 30 minutes; the slow rotation speed allows passengers to embark and disembark from the gondolas without any need for the rotation to be stopped.
The Star of Nanchang was surpassed in height by the Singapore Flyer when it opened on February 11, 2008, at 165 meters high. But both will be surpassed in 2009, when the Beijing Great Wheel is completed. Currently planned at 208 meters it is predicted to accommodate 1,920 passengers.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Nanchang is an archdiocese located in the city of Nanchang in China.
*1696: Established as Apostolic Vicariate of Kiangsi from the Apostolic Vicariate of Chekiang and Kiangsi
1838: Suppressed to the Apostolic Vicariate of Chekiang and Kiangsi
1846: Restored as Apostolic Vicariate of Kiangsi from the Apostolic Vicariate of Chekiang and Kiangsi
August 19, 1879: Renamed as Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Kiangsi
August 25, 1920: Renamed as Apostolic Vicariate of Jiujiang
December 3, 1924: Renamed as Apostolic Vicariate of Nanchang
April 11, 1946: Promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Nanchang
The Nanchang Uprising was the first major Kuomintang- engagement of the Chinese Civil War.
The Kuomintang established a ‘Revolutionary Committee’ at Nanchang to plan the spark that was expected to ignite a wide-spread peasant uprising. Deng Yenda, Soong Qingling and Zhang Fakui were among the political leaders.
Military forces in Nanchang rebelled under the leadership of He Long and Zhou Enlai attempting to seize control of the city after the end of the first Kuomintang-Communist alliance. Other important leaders in this event were Zhu De, Ye Ting, and Liu Bocheng.
Communist forces successfully occupied Nanchang and escaped from the siege of Kuomintang forces by August 5, withdrawing to the Jinggang Mountains of western Jiangxi. The day of August 1 was later regarded as the anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army. It is regarded as the first action fought against the Kuomintang.
Order of battle - Communist forces
Communist force at its peak during Nanchang Uprising totaled over 20,000, though some of them did not join the battle until a day later. The entire communist force was organized into the 2nd Front Army, and over half of it was the force under He Long's command. He Long was also named as the Commander-in-Chief of the 2nd Front Army, and Ye Ting as the deputy commander-in-Chief and acting front line commander-in-chief. Communist representative was Zhou Enlai, chief of staff was Liu Bocheng, and director of Political Directorate of the 2nd Front Army: Guo Moruo. The following is the order of battle for the communist forces:
*9th Army commanded by Zhou Enlai, with Zhu De as the deputy commander was and Zhu Kejing as the communist representative.
*11th Army commanded by Ye Ting, with Cai Tingkai as the deputy commander and Nie Rongzhen as the communist representative.
**10th Division commanded by Cai Tingkai
**25th Division commanded by Zhou Shidi
*20th Army commanded by He Long and Liao Qianwu as the communist representative
**3rd Division commanded by Zhou Yiqun
Battle at Nanchang
The rebellion was first planned to take place during the night of July 30. But due to complications with Zhang Guotao the rebellion was postponed.
On the morning of August 1 at exactly 2am, Zhou Enlai, He Long, Nie Rongzhen, Ye Ting, Ye Jianying, Lin Biao, Zhu De, and Liu Bocheng led their troops and attacked the city of Nanchang from different directions.
Four hours later, the Communist troops were able to take over the entire city of Nanchang. They were able to capture 5,000 small arms, and around 1,000,000 rounds of ammunition from the defenders of the city. Around noon, the ''Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Nationalist Party'' was established.
Jung Chang claims that the operation led by Zhou Enlai was supervised by Russian military advisors. Their goal was to lead the troops to a coastal area in order to supply the force with Russian arms.
Facing a counter-attack from the Nationalists, the Communists decided to retreat towards the province of Guangdong to the south. Once there, they would try to take over the city of Guangzhou while spreading influence to the peasants and farms in that area. He Long strongly opposed this idea. He accurately pointed out that marching a thousand miles in the heat of summer would put a severe strain on the troops. He also pointed out that the popular support for the communists in Guangdong was merely a fraction of the huge peasantry support in Hunan. In the opinion of He Long, the new communist base should be established in the border region of Hunan. He suggested that in Hunan the communist troops would be easily resupplied and their troops strengthened by the enlistment of the local populace. However, He Long's suggestion was vetoed. Guangzhou was the target set by Comintern and, on August 3, the communist troops pulled out of Nanchang and began the march to Guangzhou. The communists would pay the ultimate price for their blunder during the Guangzhou Uprising. However, an was not a success either.
Around the beginning of October, the Communist troops were in Chaozhou, Chaoshan area where they were defeated by the Nationalist troops. The Communists were separated and went in two general directions, one retreated to Shanwei and engaged the Nationalists in guerrilla warfare, and the other went to southern Hunan and eventually joined Mao Zedong's forces.
After the serious defeat Chinese communists had suffered, only 1,000 soldiers remained as a complete unit, in a regiment. Under the command of Zhu De and who had faked their names, the remaining regiment sought refuge under a local warlord in Hunan. From this humble beginning, the force eventually grew to a 10,000 strong force and went to Jiangxi and joined Mao Zedong at Jinggangshan in April 1928.
Other surviving members were much less fortunate; all became fugitives. Zhou Enlai, Ye Jianying and Ye Ting lost contact with others and fled to Hong Kong with Zhou seriously ill. The three had two pistols with them and were successful in reaching Hong Kong. Nie Rongzhen, the other communist leader, also successfully escaped to Hong Kong.
He Long went home alone after the defeat. Reduced from an army commander in charge of tens of thousands of men to a beggar, he was not well received by his family except a few who were already communists. Soon, He Long would raise another 3,000 soldier strong communist force in his native home but it would soon be wiped out by the nationalists, with only less than three dozen members surviving. It would take year for He Long's force to recover again for the third time.
Liu Bocheng became a fugitive but was lucky enough to find other communists who helped him and eventually sent him to the Soviet Union for military training, while Lin Biao deserted after the defeat but had to return to the communist force because of fear hostile locals would turn him in or kill him. Guo Moruo fled to Japan after the defeat.
Nanchang University，often called NCU or 南大，is located in Nanchang city the capital of Jiangxi province of P. R. China. Nanchang University had been established in 1940 as Zhongzheng University this is the name of its original predecessor. Nanchang University is the one of the key university of China.
Nanchang University was established in 1940 in the name of its original predecessor ─ National zhong-zheng University (国立中正大学）named after Chiang Kai-shek,the former president of Republic of China.
At Sept. 1949,late period of Chinese Civil War，the National zhong-zheng University (国立中正大学）changed the name and then known as National Nanchang University. After changing the name, the university is no longer under Republic of China, but under District of South of China of people's Republic of China.
During 1953, the central government of people's Republic of China reformed the universities systems in the China-mainland. The National Nanchang University was disintegrated into pieces by the order from the central government. Most departments of the National Nanchang University become parts of Wuhan University，Sun Yat-sen University and Huazhong Institute of Technology which is now known as Huazhong University of Science and Technology. And the nomal school became Jiangxi Normal University. And the agricultural school became Jiangxi Agricultural University. And the Biology department became one department of Jiangxi University which would be a part of current Nanchang University.
Mergence in 1993
Actually，the current Nanchang University derived from Jiangxi University and Jiangxi Industrial University . In 1993, the top two universities in Jiangxi province merged, and today, known as Nanchang University.
Mergence in 2005
In 2005, Jiangxi medical school merged into Nanchang University .
Nanchang University was established in 1940 in the name of its original predecessor ─ Zhongzheng University. In the following years, the name was changed several times and its present name Nanchang University was adopted in 1993 when the top two universities of Jiangxi Province Jiangxi University and Jiangxi Industrial University merged to make up the backbone of Nanchang University.
NCU entered a new era of development when it merged with Jiangxi Medical College in August 2005 making it a comprehensive university, offering undergraduate and graduate courses encompassing virtually all academic disciplines.
NCU has a graduate school and 21 schools including Liberal Arts, Foreign Language Studies, Art and Design, Law, Economics and Management, the Sciences, Life Science, Material Science and Engineering, Environmental Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Architectural Engineering, Computer Engineering, Education, Medicine, and Software. These schools offer 82 undergraduate majors out of 11 academic disciplines including the liberal art, history, philosophy, economics, management, law, science, engineering, agriculture, education,fundamental medicine, public health，pharmacy,nursing and 4 clinical schools.These undergraduate programs have a total enrollment of 36,000 full time students.
Although all of the schools offer their own graduate programs, these programs belong to a single graduate school administratively. The NCU Graduate School offers a total of 21 Ph.D. programs and 175 master degree programs with a graduate student body of about 6800. In addition, NCU has two post-doctoral programs.
NCU emphasizes the importance of research. In addition to research labs and centers owned by individual schools, NCU owns and operates 26 national and provincial key laboratories and research centers and 56 basic training centers and professional labs.
NCU has a large-scale medical school. Not only does the medical school have a strong research orientation, it also has ten attached hospitals located throughout the province. These hospitals adequately accommodate the needs for teaching and internships for students of medicine.
NCU is composed of three campuses. Its main campus is located in Nanchang city, the capital city of Jiangxi Province. Its huge campus occupies an area of 300 hectares which is home to all of our undergraduate students, most graduate students, most research institutes and labs, and most of our faculty and staff.
NCU has a dedicated and highly professional teaching staff of 2337, 52% of whom are professors and associate professors. Five of them are members of the distinguished Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. A number of them have received awards for their excellence in teaching and research from various government agencies ranging from the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Public Health and the Jiangxi Provincial Government.
NCU has a comprehensive library network. Its library has a collection of 2.65 million books and 1338 kinds of periodicals including foreign language journals and magazines. Out of our collection, there is a collection of 61,400 rare books and 93,000 books in foreign languages. Our library also has over a million e-books and 34 subscribed databases and on-line libraries including EI, INSPEC, ISTP, SCI, AIP/APS, ELSEVIER, and PQDD, among others. With the abundance of e-books, subscribed online libraries, multi-media CDs and interactive videos and teaching materials, NCU students and teachers have a wide variety of resources to suit their individual needs for study and research.
To enhance the hands-on experience of our students, NCU has 9 large-scale multi-purpose labs for practical training. Their areas include electronics, physics, biology, computing, networking, chemistry, engineering, mechanics, and linguistics. NCU also has 47 professional research labs and 216 internship bases. To further facilitate research, NCU invested in a science and technology park which is now an incubator of 108 enterprises and research institutions on the premises. In 2004, this park was recognized as one of the “National Science and Technology Park by Universities”. NCU has also found a partner in the nation's second largest communication equipment maker ZTE. In 2005, ZTE Software Ltd was established which is a joint-venture between NCU and ZTE. This year, NCU and Xinta Technologies Group of Singapore started a Food and Drug Technology Park dedicated to research and development.
NCU places great emphasis on international exchange and cooperation. It has established steady exchange programs with more than 30 universities and institutions from over 20 countries worldwide. The Confucius Institute in France, for instance, is a cooperative venture between Nanchang University and University of Kuwaiti of France. It was the first Confucius Institute in Europe. Nanchang University has a long working relationship with Abertay Dundee University of the U.K. in jointly educating master degree students. Every year, a group of Nanchang University graduates will go to Abertay Dundee for their master degrees in computer science. There are similar programs with universities from Germany, the U.S., New Zealand, Australia, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and other countries and regions.
In recognition of NCU's excellence in both education and research, the Chinese Ministry of Education officially admitted Nanchang University into the national “211 Project” in 1997, signifying the inclusion of NCU into the elite 100 key universities in China. In 2004, the Chinese Ministry of Education signed an agreement with Jiangxi Provincial government affiliating Nanchang University with both the Ministry of Education and Jiangxi Provincial government.